iDE Nepal, with support from USAID's Integrated Pest Management Innovation Lab (IPM-IL), has developed IPM technologies and packages for major vegetable crops in Nepal. In developing those technologies and packages iDE has worked closely with the Government of Nepal and specifically with the Nepal Agricultural Research Council (NARC) and the Department of Agriculture, Plant Protection Directorate (PPD). The IPM Innovation Lab has also provided support for a number of specialized programs, including working with NARC for viral disease diagnostics, providing training to the government and private sector for the production of safe bio-agents for disease and pest control and a special program to assist the government of Nepal to address the exotic Tuta Absoluta tomato leaf minor that arrived in Nepal in 2016.
The Integrated Pest Management Innovation Lab (IPM-IL) is a USAID-funded, multi-year investment to develop, implement, and scale integrated pest management (IPM) in developing countries around the world. IPM-IL is led by Virginia Tech University. In Nepal, International Development Enterprises (iDE Nepal) leads the implementation of IPM-IL and is one of three countries supported by IPM-IL in South Asia.
IPM-IL has been working to minimize pesticide use on high value crops, while also promoting the private sector distribution of IPM technologies through service providers in Lalitpur, Kaski, Rupandehi, Palpa, Banke and Surkhet districts. Phase 1 (2006-2009) focused on testing and validating diversified IPM products and techniques, including pheromones, solarization, plastic mulching, and bio-pesticides. Phase 2 (2009-2014) focused on developing and testing full-season IPM packages for key vegetable crops. Research activities included on-farm field experiments with tomato, eggplant, cauliflower, cucumber and bitter gourd. USAID Nepal has provided additional funds under an associate award for IPM IL to support the Feed the Future Initiative
Vegetable IPM packages currently being promoted by iDE Nepal and IPM-IL consolidate a holistic set of best practices, including: seed treatment, soil solarization, net use in nursery seedbeds, use of plastic trays and cocopeat, roguing of virus infected plants, tomato grafting, bio-fertilizers, insect traps and bio-control agents.
Lalit Sah, IPM Program Coordinator, iDE Nepal