Drip irrigation, also known as trickle irrigation or micro-irrigation or localized irrigation, is an irrigation method which saves water and fertilizer by allowing water to drip slowly to the roots of plants, either onto the soil surface or directly onto the root zone, through a network of valves, pipes, tubing, and emitters. It is done with the help of narrow tubes which deliver water directly to the base of the plant.
Sprinkle irrigation is the method of irrigation by which water is sprayed on the land surface in the form of artificial rain. To create the precipitation, water under pressure is ejected through the nozzle of a device called a sprinkler. Sprinkle irrigation systems are available in various designs and irrigation capacities.