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Creating Income and Livelihood Opportunities for the Rural Poor  

Creating Income and Livelihood Opportunities for the Rural Poor  

In many parts of the world, the demand for available water resources is fast exceeding the supply and competition between the various sectors of the economy for scarce water is becoming intense. In response to these conditions, policymakers, researchers, NGOs and farmers are increasingly pursuing various innovative, technical, institutional and policy interventions to enable the efficient, equitable and sustainable utilization of scarce water resources.
Micro-irrigation technologies are increasingly seen as a means of addressing the growing competition for scarce water resources. Appropriate low-cost drip systems have shown to have positive effects on yield, incomes, and food security.

Drip Irrigation:

Drip irrigation, also known as trickle irrigation or micro-irrigation or localized irrigation, is an irrigation method which saves water and fertilizer by allowing water to drip slowly to the roots of plants, either onto the soil surface or directly onto the root zone, through a network of valves, pipes, tubing, and emitters. It is done with the help of narrow tubes which deliver water directly to the base of the plant.

Sprinkle irrigation :

Sprinkle irrigation is the method of irrigation by which water is sprayed on the land surface in the form of artificial rain. To create the precipitation, water under pressure is ejected through the nozzle of a device called a sprinkler. Sprinkle irrigation systems are available in various designs and irrigation capacities.